Fact Sheet for Utah
Best Management Practices
Related ECAR Fact Sheets
Other Relevant Resources
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following fact sheet was prepared by the ECAR Center staff. Once
prepared, each ECAR Center fact sheet undergoes a review process
with the applicable state environmental agency(ies). You can check
on the status of the review process here.
Please read the disclaimer on the status page. While we have tried
to present a summary of the essential information on this topic,
you should be aware that other items, such as local regulations,
may apply to you.
What You Need to Know
antifreeze, through contact with a car's cooling system, may contain
traces of lead and benzene, making it a possible hazardous waste. If not properly managed and stored, these pollutants can
seep into soil and groundwater harming people and the environment.
But in order
to encourage recycling, the State of Utah will give you a break
and exempt you from the burden of handling it according to the usual
hazardous waste rules if you manage it properly. This fact
sheet will tell you:
- How to handle antifreeze to qualify for the exemption.
- What you need to do if you do not qualify in order to
manage antifreeze in compliance with hazardous waste rules.
Waste Classification. Antifreeze is made up using some
regulated chemicals including ethylene glycol and propylene glycol.
During use, antifreeze can become contaminated with traces of benzene
and lead. Used antifreeze should never be disposed of down storm
drains or surface waters. It is illegal and dangerous to discharge
antifreeze to septic tanks, dry wells or to the outdoors.
Due to its composition,
used antifreeze can be considered a hazardous waste. However, if used antifreeze is recycled, it doesn't need
to be treated as hazardous waste. Recycling can be done on-site
or off-site by an antifreeze recycling service. Contact the Utah
Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) for more information.
If you recycle
on-site, filters and sludges produced from recycling may be hazardous.
Therefore, you will need to determine if these wastes are hazardous.
that is not recycled and therefore, disposed of, must be handled
in one of two ways:
- Have a sample of the used antifreeze analyzed by a laboratory
to find out if it is hazardous. If it is non-hazardous, it can
be shipped off-site for disposal by a licensed hauler or discharged
to a municipal wastewater treatment system. You must check with
your local water treatment authorities and a permit may be required).
If it is hazardous, then special hazardous waste rules apply.
- Assume that the antifreeze is hazardous and manage it
as such. This approach avoids laboratory testing costs.
See the ECAR
Hazardous Waste fact sheet for details about storing, handling, and shipping
of hazardous wastes.
Labeling. Store antifreeze in closed containers
on an impermeable concrete surface with spill controls. Consider
keeping antifreeze in two separate, closed containers: one for antifreeze
that cannot be reused marked "Waste Antifreeze Only,"
and one marked "Usable Antifreeze Only."
Spills. Clean up all spills right away.
Keep spill control equipment in a central location, accessible to
all employees. All chemical spills that occur within the State of
Utah must be reported to the DEQ by calling 801-536-4123.
Filter Management. Waste antifreeze filters and particulate
generated from recycling antifreeze also must be managed as hazardous
waste or proven that they are non-hazardous through laboratory analysis.
See the ECAR Hazardous Waste fact sheet for additional information.
Record Keeping. Keep all receipts of used antifreeze
shipments and filter management. The written receipts or records
- Name and address of the generator and the recycling
facility for off-site shipments.
- The amount of used antifreeze shipped or recycled on-site.
- The amount of waste antifreeze filters shipped off-site.
- Date of shipment or recycling.
the Regulations. Use
the following links to view the regulations pertaining to used antifreeze
Utah's Hazardous Waste Management
Federal EPA Standards Applicable
to Generators of Hazardous Waste
When an inspector
comes to your facility, there are certain things he or she checks
to see if you are in compliance with environmental regulations.
It makes good sense for you to perform a "self-audit"
and catch and correct problems before they result in penalties.
Also, there are some compliance incentives associated with self-audits
(see Audit Policy Page).
Use the following
list to audit your antifreeze storage areas and management procedures.
- Is used antifreeze stored in drums, tanks or
other containers that are in good condition? Open containers, and rusting
or leaking containers cannot be used for antifreeze storage.
- Are antifreeze storage containers and tanks properly
labeled? All waste antifreeze should be labeled "Waste Antifreeze Only,"
and antifreeze that can be recycled or reused, should be marked
"Usable Antifreeze Only."
- Is the area
around the used antifreeze storage containers free of releases? Releases must
be stopped; the released material cleaned up and managed properly
and reported to DEQ.
- Is used antifreeze transported to a recovery
facility by a certified transporter? Check your records and verify that all shipments
of used antifreeze were removed from your property by a state
- Is oil, solvent or other materials mixed with
Verify that there are separate, clearly labeled containers for
each type of material, and that used antifreeze is not mixed with
used oil, solvents and other materials.
Management Practices (BMPs)
tell you what you have to do to be in compliance, but they don’t
explain how to do it. That’s where "best management practices"
come into play. BMPs are proven methods that help you to get into
compliance and stay there. The following BMPs are recommended for
used antifreeze storage areas and management procedures.
- Use separate equipment for the collection of used antifreeze
(funnels, pads, storage containers).
- Drain antifreeze from radiators and heater cores as
soon as possible.
- Keep waste antifreeze free from cross-contamination
with other wastes, including used oil, fuels, degreasers or radiator
- Determine if the antifreeze is waste fluid or reusable
and can be recycled.
- Recycle by reuse, distillation, filtration or ion exchange.
Recycling can be done on-site or off-site by an antifreeze recycling
- Consider keeping antifreeze in two separate, closed
containers: one for antifreeze that cannot be reused marked "Waste
Antifreeze," and one marked "Usable Antifreeze."
- Do not dispose of antifreeze down storm drains, in septic
tanks, dry wells or on bare ground.
- Keep any records relating to used antifreeze for at
least 3 years. This includes receipts for used antifreeze shipments
and any laboratory results.
- For more information, contact the Utah Department of
Environmental Quality (DEQ), Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste
- To report a spill or leak, call the DEQ spill hotline
at 801-536-4123, or access the DEQ Spill Report Website
- To report an environmental incident or complaint, contact
the DEQ Offices.
ECAR Fact Sheets
- Hazardous Wastes
Automobile Salvage Yard Pollution Prevention Fact Sheet
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