BACK to VIRTUAL TOUR
The following fact sheet was prepared by the ECAR Center staff. Once prepared, each ECAR Center fact sheet undergoes a review process with the applicable state environmental agency(ies). You can check on the status of the review process here. Please read the disclaimer on the status page. While we have tried to present a summary of the essential information on this topic, you should be aware that other items, such as local regulations, may apply to you.
What You Need to Know
Disposal of scrap tires is one of the biggest solid waste issues facing automotive recyclers. Scrap tires pose a significant threat to public health and the environment. Scrap tire piles provide a breeding ground for mosquitoes, which may cause disease, and they also present a serious fire hazard.
This fact sheet will help you manage the tires stored at your facility and how to remove properly.
Scrap tires must be taken to a registered collection site, a disposal area licensed under Part 115 (whole scrap tires may not be disposed of in a landfill), an end-user, a scrap tire processor, a tire retailer, or a scrap tire recycler, that is in compliance with Part 169. These sites are regulated by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). Requirements include annual registration, bonding, mosquito control, pile size limitations, and emergency response training.
Tires used as vehicle support stands are exempt from this regulation.
Recyclers that only sell salvaged vehicles and/or scrap metal would be a collection site if they have 500 or more scrap tires.
Automotive recyclers whose business is primarily selling retail salvage vehicle parts, and secondarily selling retail salvage motor vehicles or manufacturing or selling a product of gradable scrap metal, would be a collection site if they have 2500 or more scrap tires.
A list of common scrap tire violations is available on the Michigan DEQ web site.
Removal. Old tires can be recycled or disposed of by contracting for removal with a registered scrap tire hauler or registering yourself as a hauler and taking them to a registered facility that will process the tire for use in making shoes, belts, floor mats, carpet padding, and road fill for asphalt paving, or tire-derived fuel. If the tire casing is in good shape, retreading is another option for used tires. Click here for a list of registered scrap tire facilities, including haulers, collection sites, processors, and end users.
Links to the Regulations and Forms. Use the following links to view the regulations pertaining to scrap tire management.
When an inspector comes to your facility, there are certain things they check to see if you are in compliance with environmental regulations. It makes good sense for you to perform a "self-audit" and catch and correct problems before they result in penalties. Also, there are some compliance incentives associated with self-audits (see Audit Policy Page).
Use the following list to audit your scrap tire storage areas and management procedures.
Most regulations tell you what you have to do to be in compliance, but they don't explain how to do it. That's where "best management practices" come into play. BMPs are proven methods that help you to get into compliance and stay there. The following BMPs are recommended for scrap tire storage areas and management procedures.
BACK to VIRTUAL TOUR