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ECAR Fact Sheet for Michigan
Waste Tires

 

Regulations
Self-Audit Checklist
Best Management Practices
Contacts
Related ECAR Fact Sheets
Other Relevant Resources

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The following fact sheet was prepared by the ECAR Center staff. Once prepared, each ECAR Center fact sheet undergoes a review process with the applicable state environmental agency(ies). You can check on the status of the review process here. Please read the disclaimer on the status page. While we have tried to present a summary of the essential information on this topic, you should be aware that other items, such as local regulations, may apply to you.

What You Need to Know

Disposal of scrap tires is one of the biggest solid waste issues facing automotive recyclers. Scrap tires pose a significant threat to public health and the environment. Scrap tire piles provide a breeding ground for mosquitoes, which may cause disease, and they also present a serious fire hazard.

This fact sheet will help you manage the tires stored at your facility and how to remove properly.


Regulations

Scrap tires must be taken to a registered collection site, a disposal area licensed under Part 115 (whole scrap tires may not be disposed of in a landfill), an end-user, a scrap tire processor, a tire retailer, or a scrap tire recycler, that is in compliance with Part 169. These sites are regulated by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). Requirements include annual registration, bonding, mosquito control, pile size limitations, and emergency response training.

Tires used as vehicle support stands are exempt from this regulation.

Recyclers that only sell salvaged vehicles and/or scrap metal would be a collection site if they have 500 or more scrap tires.

Automotive recyclers whose business is primarily selling retail salvage vehicle parts, and secondarily selling retail salvage motor vehicles or manufacturing or selling a product of gradable scrap metal, would be a collection site if they have 2500 or more scrap tires.

A list of common scrap tire violations is available on the Michigan DEQ web site.

Removal. Old tires can be recycled or disposed of by contracting for removal with a registered scrap tire hauler or registering yourself as a hauler and taking them to a registered facility that will process the tire for use in making shoes, belts, floor mats, carpet padding, and road fill for asphalt paving, or tire-derived fuel. If the tire casing is in good shape, retreading is another option for used tires. Click here for a list of registered scrap tire facilities, including haulers, collection sites, processors, and end users.

Links to the Regulations and Forms. Use the following links to view the regulations pertaining to scrap tire management.

Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act (act 451, part 169) relating to Scrap Tires

Scrap Tire Hauler Registration Form

Scrap Tire Collection Facility Registration Form


Self-Audit Checklist

When an inspector comes to your facility, there are certain things they check to see if you are in compliance with environmental regulations. It makes good sense for you to perform a "self-audit" and catch and correct problems before they result in penalties. Also, there are some compliance incentives associated with self-audits (see Audit Policy Page).

Use the following list to audit your scrap tire storage areas and management procedures.

  1. Where are scrap tires transported for disposal/recycling? Make sure your hauler has a valid state registration as a scrap tire hauler. Also, make sure the tires are being taken to an authorized recycler or disposal facility.
  2. How many tires are stored and how are they stored? Make sure that if you store regulated numbers of scrap tires (see Regulation summary) that you are registered with the DEQ and follow the state requirements

Best Management Practices (BMPs)

Most regulations tell you what you have to do to be in compliance, but they don't explain how to do it. That's where "best management practices" come into play. BMPs are proven methods that help you to get into compliance and stay there. The following BMPs are recommended for scrap tire storage areas and management procedures.

  • Store as few scrap tires as possible at your facility.
  • Schedule regular pickup for scrap tires by a properly registered hauler.
  • Keep tires stored indoors, if possible, or keep tire piles covered in order to prevent entrapment of water.
  • If scrap tires cannot be processed in a timely manner, leave scrap tires on the rims to avoid problems with mosquitoes until the scrap tires can be managed properly.
  • Do not burn or bury scrap tires.

Contacts

  1. For more information on tire recycling and scrap tire regulations, contact the DEQ Environmental Assistance Center at 1-800-662-9278 or the Waste and Hazardous Materials Division.

Related ECAR Fact Sheets

None.


Other Relevant Resources

  1. Michigan Scrap Tire Information

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