State Environmental Department/Recycling Association Fact Sheets/Manuals
For more information, contact the Region 7 Environmental Protection Agency at 913-551-7020, or the Iowa Department of Natural Resources at 515-281-8941.
To report a spill or leak,
In addition to the automobile crankcase oil that is traditionally referred to as "used oil", the term "used oil" includes nearly any of the petroleum based or synthetic substances that are used for lubrication, heat transfer, or hydraulic fluid. ((Title 40 of the US Code of Regulations (CFR), part 279 – commonly referred to 40CFR279)) http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title40/40cfr279_main_02.tpl
Following is a chart from EPA's page on used oil recycling that lists what is and what is not considered used oil. http://www.epa.gov/osw/conserve/materials/usedoil/usedoil.htm
Table of What Used Oil Is and Is Not
Used Oil Is:
Synthetic oil — usually derived from coal, shale, or polymer-based starting material.
Engine oil — typically includes gasoline and diesel engine crankcase oils and piston-engine oils for automobiles, trucks, boats, airplanes, locomotives, and heavy equipment.
Refrigeration oil (not MAC governed).
Metalworking fluids and oils.
Industrial hydraulic fluid.
Copper and aluminum wire drawing solution.
Electrical insulating oil.
Industrial process oils.
Oils used as buoyants.
Used Oil Is Not:
Waste oil that is bottom clean-out waste from virgin fuel storage tanks, virgin fuel oil spill cleanups, or other oil wastes that have not actually been used.
Products such as antifreeze and kerosene.
Vegetable and animal oil, even when used as a lubricant.
Petroleum distillates used as solvents.
Oils that do not meet EPA's definition of used oil can still pose a threat to the environment when disposed of and could be subject to the RCRA regulations for hazardous waste management.
Other Examples of used oil:
Used Oil Generator
Any person, by site, whose act or process produces used oil or whose act first causes used oil to become subject to regulation is defined as a generator. Generators may also be considered used oil fuel marketers if they direct a shipment of off-specification used oil from their facility to a used oil burner.
The following actions, if performed on-site by generators, are not considered to be used oil process operations, and are not regulated:
1) filtering, cleaning or reconditioning used oil prior to reuse; and,
2) separating used oil from waste water.
EPA uses 12-digit identification (ID) numbers to track used oil. Transporters hauling used oil must have a valid EPA ID number, and generators, collection centers, and aggregation points must use transporters with EPA ID numbers for shipping used oil off site. If you need an ID number, contact your EPA regional office or your state director. Generators, collection centers, aggregation points, and any handler that transports used oil in shipments of less than 55 gallons do not need an ID number, but may need a state or local permit.
Used oil transporters, processors, burners, and marketers also must record each acceptance and delivery of used oil shipments. Records can take the form of a log, invoice, or other shipping document and must be maintained for three years.
Management Options for Used Oil
Burning Used Oil as Fuel
Only the generator's or do it yourselfer (persons who change their own oil) used oil is allowed to be burned.
Burn used oil in used oil-fired furnaces that have a maximum capacity of not more than 0.5 million (500,000) Btu per hour and ensure that the combustion gases from the heater are vented to the ambient air.
Check with your state or local air quality division to inquire about air quality requirements, and check with state building code personnel to inquire about building codes for the installation and use of the burner.
Store used oil in closed containers or tanks in good condition.
Label all storage containers as "Used Oil" that can be see up to 25 feet away.
Use a transporter with an EPA identification number to ship used oil off site.
Under certain conditions, generators may transport small quantities of used oil (less than 55-gallons at one time, in sealed containers, in an enclosed portion of the vehicle).
Restrictions on Used Oil Disposal/Management
Used Oil Spill Prevention
For more information, see: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/lawsregs/opprover.htm
For more information, see: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/spcc/index.htm
Categories of Used Oil Handlers
Those who fall under the definitions of the following four categories MUST maintain records documenting the acceptance and delivery of each used oil shipment for three years. There are no such tracking and recordkeeping requirements for generators of used oil who do NOT fall under the following categories.
Used oil marketers must determine if used oil burned for energy recovery meets the specifications outlined in Table 1 of 40 CFR §279.11. Provided that the marketer complies with the notification and recordkeeping requirements of Part 279, Subpart H, used oil meeting the specification levels of Table 1 may be marketed as an onspecification fuel. The specifications include maximum concentrations for four metals: arsenic, cadmium, chromium, and lead.
Check your state used oil regulations for guidance on who must test for used oil specification status.
For more information see definitions at: www.epa.gov/epawaste/laws-regs/regs-haz.htm
Best Management Practices (BMPs) for Used Oil
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The following fact sheet was prepared by the ECAR Center staff. Once prepared, each ECAR Center fact sheet undergoes a review process with the applicable state environmental agency(ies). You can check on the status of the review process here. Please read the disclaimer on the status page. While we have tried to present a summary of the essential information on this topic, you should be aware that other items, such as local regulations, may apply to you.